Swing Fishing For Trout: Using Current To Catch More Fish
In streams, there's a way to fish for trout that puts the current to work for you. It's called a "swing" presentation, and, while it's commonly used in deep rivers to catch salmon and steelhead, it works just as well on the stocked and native trout that live near you.
In a swing presentation, you allow the current to carry your lure across several feeding lanes, attracting every fish in the area. If a strike doesn't come by the time your lure is directly downstream, the line tightens, and the current raises your lure in the water column. At that point, a slow stripping retrieve will almost always seal the deal.
In this article, we'll examine everything you need to know to pull off a deadly swing presentation—where to position yourself relative to the fish, what lures to use, and the mechanics of your cast, retrieve, and hookset.
An Upstream Position Is Key
The most important part of a swing presentation is your position upstream from the fish you're targeting. If the trout are holding in the head section of a run, you should be standing in the upstream riffle. If the trout are in the tail section of the run, you'll need to stand in the middle of the run.
Imitate a Minnow
Because of the way a swing presentation swims your lure through the water, only certain types of lures will look natural. Tiny aquatic bugs are out. Instead, tie on something that looks like a minnow or a leach. If you're fly fishing, think woolly bugger or another streamer; if you're using spinning gear, go for a small inline spinner or a flashy spoon. To get your lure in the strike zone, add weight in the form of split-shot, as needed; place it a few inches up from the lure.
The Cast & Retrieve
With the trout downstream, you can place your lure anywhere from directly across-stream to directly downstream. Targeting a spot halfway between those extremes, called quartering downstream, is often ideal. The goal is to put your lure in a spot where the current will swing it, in a controlled way, across several feeding lanes, and when the line straightens out, your lure will still be in one of the feeding lanes.
In the final moments of the swing, the current raises your lure in the water column. That's a subtle movement that often triggers a strike, and it happens automatically.
Once your line is tight, when fly fishing, aim the rod at the lure and slowly strip it back to you in 6" spurts. You can achieve the same effect with spinning gear by cranking in short bursts, but in this case, keep the rod at a 45-degree angle to your retrieve.
The Hookset & Fight
Getting a strike on a swing presentation may be the best thing about using this technique—the attack tends to be violent! A trout may have tracked your lure across the whole stream, and when it finally decides to move in for the kill, it's brutal.
As for the hookset, when the strike comes on a tight line (in the later stage of your presentation), you won’t have to do anything but raise your rod tip.
On the other hand, if it comes while your lure is mid-swing, you'll need to be on your toes. As your lure moves across the stream, there'll be an unavoidable bow in your line. As long as you're aware of what your lure is doing, closely monitor line tension, and watch for a sudden stop, you'll be able to react in time to set the hook.
When you start fighting the trout, it will be downstream, working hard against you and the current. Do what you can to keep it that way until you've won the fight.
A swing presentation for trout can help anglers of any experience level catch more fish. Whether you're a fly fisherman or you use spinning gear, a swinging presentation eliminates a lot of the complications associated with other more current-sensitive presentations, and it consistently fools trout!
Updated December 15th, 2020 at 10:24 AM CT